Electric Vehicles—The Basics

December 16th, 2015 by

Electric Vehicles—The Basics

All-electric vehicles run on electricity only; they are powered by one or more electric motors, which are powered by rechargeable battery packs. There are several advantages of all-electric vehicles over internal combustion engine vehicles. Let’s take a look at what electric vehicles are all about and why they’re so popular.

Electric vehicles are energy efficient. They convert about 59%–62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels—conventional gasoline vehicles only convert about 17%–21% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.
Electric vehicles are environmentally friendly. There are no tailpipe pollutants emitted from electric vehicles.
Performance benefits. Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation and stronger acceleration and require less maintenance than vehicles powered by gasoline.
Reduce energy dependence. (Because electricity is a domestic energy source).
Being dependent on a battery produces some challenges including:

Driving range. Some models can go up to 300 miles, while most go between 100-200 miles per full charge.
Recharge time. Fully recharging the battery pack can take 4 to 8 hours. Battery cost: The large battery packs are costly and may need to be replaced more than once.
Weight: Battery packs are heavy and take up quite a bit of vehicle space.

Check out the 2016 Nissan Leaf and other electric vehicles at Berlin City Nissan of Portland today serving Gorham, Scarborough, Westbrook, Portland, South Portland, Cape Elizabeth and surrounding areas.

Posted in Uncategorized